After the Dust Has Settled:

Enduring Teacher Unionism


  • Nina Bascia University of Toronto
  • Sachin Maharaj University of Ottawa


teacher unions, teacher organizations, organizational theory, social movement theory, Canadian teacher organizations


The question this article attempts to answer is, how can teacher unions take advantage of the opportunities afforded by their organizational structures while minimizing the factors that have stood in the way of educational and societal change?  Drawing from examples of teacher unions’ strategies from studies of several organizations outside of the United States, it provides examples of how teacher unions have “crafted coherence” between their inner dimensions and outward-looking strategies, and contributes to the advancement of critical education by recommending ways that teacher organizations can more effectively support social justice and social change.

Author Biographies

Nina Bascia, University of Toronto

Nina Bascia is Professor and Chair of the Department of Leadership, Higher and Adult Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto. Her research emphasizes educational policy analysis and program evaluation; the intersections between policy and teachers' work; teacher leadership and development; and teacher unions and professional associations.

Sachin Maharaj, University of Ottawa

Sachin Maharaj is an Assistant Professor of Educational Leadership, Policy and Program Evaluation. Prior to joining the University of Ottawa, he was a teacher at the Toronto District School Board and a lecturer at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, where he completed his Ph.D. and was a Joseph-Armand Bombardier Canada Graduate Scholar. His research focuses on school boards, school choice, teacher unions, and policy implementation.






Contemporary Educator Movements: Transforming Unions, Schools, and Society