An Application of Gramsci´s “Who Benefits?” to High-Stakes Testing

  • Ellen Brantlinger

Abstract

To discern reasons behind the spate of official state and federal mandates for high-stakes tests as well as other stringent standards and accountability measures, in this article, I turn to what Italian Marxist, Antonio Gramsci claimed should be the perennially essential question to ask related to social actions; that is, "Who benefits?" I make the case that various forms of dominance are established or strengthened through recent state and federal legislation.
Published
2014-01-11