Gramscian Analysis of K-12 Schools in Brazil



Key words: Antonio Gramsci, social class, education system in Brazil, inequality.


This paper aims at discussing the characteristics of the Brazilian K-12 educational system using contributions from the Italian scholar Antonio Gramsci. His writings about education discuss the effects of unequal distribution of educational opportunities among students of different social classes and the consequences of this inequality on the social fabric and human development. Using Gramsci’s contributions, this paper analyses empirical data about the public education system in Brazil and indicates that such a system is shaped for the maintenance of inequalities. Finally, it argues that the characteristics of the public schools in Brazil restrict the potential of intellectual and cultural development of pupils whom it serves.


Author Biography

Alexandre Weingrill Araujo, University of Alberta

Alexandre Wengrill Araujo has worked for 10 years as a social studies teacher in public and private schools in Brazil. Currently, he works as a teacher assistant and a Ph.D. candidate in the Secondary Education Department at the University of Alberta