Critical Border Praxis: Choosing the Path of Critical Border Dialogism

  • Timothy G. Cashman University of Texas at El Paso
Keywords: Critical Border Praxis, Pedagogy of Place, Border Pedagogy, Border Studies, Critical Pedagogy


This work examines the intersection of place-based and border pedagogies, including the concepts of heteroglossia, meliorism, critical cosmopolitanism, nepantla, dialogic feminism, and pragmatic hope that form the basis of a new critical border dialogic. Critical border dialogic (Cashman, 2015, in press) resituates teachers, students, cultural workers, decision makers, policymakers, and the larger community. A critical border dialogic draws upon a critical pedagogy of place and border pedagogy. Gruenewald’s (2003) critical, place-based pedagogy influences assumptions, practices, and outcomes. Border pedagogy (Giroux, 2005), in turn, engages a critical pedagogy of place and involves a recognition and understanding of margins as affected by history, power, and difference. A critical border dialogic positions us, as educators, students, cultural workers, and members of the larger community, on the course to critical border praxis. Critical border praxis actively engages us as cross borders in a contemplation of historically and socially constructed limitations.

Author Biography

Timothy G. Cashman, University of Texas at El Paso

Timothy G. Cashman is an associate professor in the Department of Teacher Education at the University of Texas at El Paso. He received his doctoral degree from Washington State University and his master’s degree from the University of New Mexico. Dr. Cashman has taught curriculum and instruction, social studies education, education for a diverse society, middle school methods, and classroom organization. His higher education teaching positions have been in Washington, Michigan, Colorado, Texas, and Korea. Previous educational experiences include 15 years of teaching K-12 in New Mexico, California, and Korea. Dr. Cashman has studied and conducted research in Mexico, Costa Rica, Malaysia, Canada, Sri Lanka, and the US. His travels have taken him to 65 countries. Cashman, his wife Joyce, and daughter Juliana currently reside in southern New Mexico.