The Political Economy of American science
The aims of the scientific endeavor are straightforward: theoretical explication of the natural world. Science is one expression of a basic human yearning for understanding as old as consciousness, seminal indications of its existence being found in the earliest civilizations. Intellectual progress, however, coalesced in Europe in the period preceding the Enlightenment and gave rise to a new way of studying the cosmos. The Scientific Revolution, as this intellectual leap has been termed, has had mixed effects. On the one hand, scientific achievement has advanced in many dimensions, giving us a fresh appreciation of the depth of reality in which we take part and which we are co-constructing.
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- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).